The countries of Central Asia are parties to a significant number of international environmental conventions. All five countries are parties to such key conventions as the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Convention to Combat Desertification, etc. Central Asia is also fully represented as parties to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances , depleting the ozone layer, biodiversity conventions (CITES, CMS, Ramsar ) and the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. Regarding the UNECE conventions, such as the Air Pollution Convention, the Water Convention, the ESPO Convention, the Industrial Accidents Convention, the Aarhus Convention, which are considered in a transboundary context and the implementation of which requires inter-country cooperation, the participation of countries in the region appears uneven. Only Kazakhstan is a party to all five UNECE Conventions, and the country has not ratified individual protocols to these conventions.

For more detailed information, follow the link – download the overview document on the conventions in PDF format (on Russian) .


Additional Information:

Lyudmila Kiktenko – Environmental Management Program Manager


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