At COP 24, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) adopted the rules and procedures for implementing the Paris Agreement, which is contained in the “Paris Rulebook”. Through Article 13, the Paris Agreement established an Enhanced Transparency Framework (ETF) to regularly measure the progress made by countries to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change. The objective of the new framework is to build mutual trust between countries, raise climate ambition and rigorously monitor public mitigation and adaptation policies.
By 2025, Biennial Transparency Reports (BTRs) have to be submitted by all countries (Fig 1.). For most developing countries this presents a significant challenge due to increased reporting frequency, stronger transparency requirements, increased scope of categories and gases to be reported on a mandatory basis, and a substantial increase of data and information associated with different components of Monitoring, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) that need to be collected and processed.
This project is focusing on establishing a cooperative regional Climate MRV Hub in Central Asia to maximize the effects of collaborative efforts of the international and regional experts and officials toward improving their MRV systems. The project is based on cooperation between the Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia (CAREC), the consortium of international expert consultants led by the Greenhouse Gas Management Institute (GHGMI), and funded through the Initiative for Climate Action consortium (CITEPA, Oeko Institute, and EnEco) and regional Fellows in close collaboration with the regional experts in Central Asia and the regional project implementer, CAREC. This report is based on the results of the GNA covering all components of the climate MRV: GHG inventories, emission projections, climate mitigation policies, and measures, climate change adaptation, and climate finance. GNA is also an essential part of the project Phase 1 – Transparency needs & gap analysis and planning.